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2016年职称英语综合类A级阅读理解习题(22)

时间: 2016-02-29

阅读理解(共15题,每题3分,共45分)
  考查应试者对文章主旨和细节信息的理解能力。本部分为3篇文章,每篇300-450词,每篇文章后有5道题。要求应试者根据文章的内容,从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案。
应对策略:
  首先要重点掌握教材上的阅读理解的重点文章的背诵,来抓住出自教材上的分数,这是顺利通过考试很关键的一步。
  同时充分利用老师在课上讲的解题技巧,如大标题做题法、红花绿叶原则、顺序出题原则、关键词回归定位法通过做模拟试题来进行解题技巧的演练和应用。
  在做题时要注意:搞清主旨题、细节题、推理题、逻辑关系题、观点态度题。注意标题、首尾段、首尾句、逻辑关系处、细节处等出题点;在阅读时见到日期、数量等要先做好标记,这样有重点有理有节的解题,才有可能取得满意的成绩。

短文后有5道题,每题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案。

I’ll Be Bach

  Composer David Cope is the inventor of a computer program that writes original works of classical music. It took Cope 30 years to develop the software. Now most people can’t tell the difference between music by the famous German composer J. S. Bach (1685-1750) and the Bach-like compositions from Cope’s computer.
  It all started in 1980 in the United States, when Cope was trying to write an opera. He was having trouble thinking of new melodies, so he wrote a computer program to create the melodies. At first this music was not easy to listen to. What did Cope do? He began to rethink how human beings compose music. He realized that composers,brains work like big databases. First, they take in all the music that they have ever heard. Then they take out the music that they dislike. Finally, they make new music from what is left. According to Cope, only the great composers are able to create the database accurately, remember it, and form new musical patterns from it.
  Cope built a huge database of existing music. He began with hundreds of works by Bach. The software analyzed the data:it broke it down into smaller pieces and looked for patterns. It then combined the pieces into new patterns. Before long, the program could compose short Bach-like works. They weren’t good, but it was a start.
  Cope knew he had more work to do-he had a whole opera to write. He continued to improve the software. Soon it could analyze more complex music. He also added many other composers, including his own work, to the database.
  A few years later,Cope’s computer program, called “Emmy”,was ready to help him with his opera. The process required a lot of collaboration between the composer and Emmy. Cope listened to the computer’s musical ideas and used the ones that he liked. With Emmy, the opera took only two weeks to finish. It was called Cradle Falling, and it was a great success! Cope received some of the best reviews of his career, but no one knew exactly how he had composed the work.
  Since that first opera, Emmy has written thousands of compositions. Cope still gives Emmy feedback on what he likes and doesn’t like of her music, but she is doing most of the hard work of composing these days!
  词汇:
  original  adj.有独创性的
  collaboration  n.合作
  review  n.评论
  feedback  n.反馈
  注释:
  J. S. Bach约翰•塞巴斯蒂安巴赫(德语:Johann Sebastian Bach,1685年3月31日一1750年7月28日),巴洛克时期的德国作曲家,杰出的管风琴、小提琴、大键琴演奏家,同作曲家亨德尔和泰勒曼齐名。巴赫被普遍认为是音乐史上最重要的作曲家之一,并被尊称为“西方‘现代音乐’之父”,也是西方文化史上最重要的人物之一。
  练习:
  1.The music composed by David cope is about ______.
  A. classical music
  B. pop music
  C. drama
  D. country music

  2. By developing a computer software,David cope aimed ______.
  A. to be like Bach
  B. to study Bach
  C. to write an opera
  D. to create a musical database

  3. What did cope realize about a great composer’s brain?
  A. It works like a big database.
  B. It writes a computer program.
  C. It can recognize any music patterns.
  D. It can create melodies.

  4. Who is Emmy?
  A. a database
  B. a computer software
  C. a composer who helped David
  D. an opera

  5. We can infer from the passage that ______.
  A. David Cope is a computer programmer.
  B. David Cope loves music.
  C. Bach’s music helped him a lot.
  D. Emmy did much more work than a composer.

  答案与题解:
  1.A 第一段的第一句:作曲家大卫科普编写了一个计算机软件,它能创作出古典音乐作品。
  2.C 从第二段的第一句可以看出,大卫编写电脑软件的目的是写歌剧。A、B和D都属于创作歌剧的一部分。
  3.D 第二段的后半部分讲的是伟大的歌剧作者与一般的歌剧作者的不同之处是通过对数据进行准确的构建、记忆而后创作出新的音乐形式。
  4.B 从第五段第一句可知艾米是计算机软件。
  5.D 从本文第一句可知大卫是一个作曲家,不是计算机程序员,所以排除A,B和C项内容没有提及;从本文的第五段和第六段可知,艾米大大提高了大卫的创作速度,最后一句,大部分重活都由艾米来做,所以作曲家只干一小部分工作。


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